"This book examines the phenomenon of Germanic volunteers to the SS through the stories of the neutral volunteers to the Waffen-SS leadership corps--those who became officers or assumed other positions of responsibility--as well as the SS institutions they worked for. Though many of the hundreds of thousands of non-Germans who fought for the Nazi regime were likely coerced into joining by the occupying Germans, this book focuses on volunteers from countries outside of Germany's control--Switzerland, Sweden, and Denmark--thereby eliminating coercion or propaganda as explanations for their decisions to volunteer. Unlike non-Germanic volunteers who were given a lower status within the Waffen-SS or came under the command of the German army, volunteers from the Germanic countries were fully integrated into the Waffen-SS and were simultaneously members of the elite SS umbrella organization. Moreover, out of the Germanic volunteers, those from the neutral countries proved to be particularly interested not only in fighting for the regime, but also in working as administrators to establish a Greater Germanic Reich ... [It is] an attempt at integrating the personal stories of Germanic volunteers to the Waffen-SS into the larger narrative of efforts to reorganize large portions of Europe under the Nazi regime. It examines who these men were, what drove them, how they contributed to various aspects of the Nazi project, and how their views developed during the course of the war. At the same time, the book seeks to link these men to decision making on the part of the German SS leadership, including its chief, Himmler. That is, I wish to treat these men as the real historical actors they were. This is a study of perpetrators, of ideology, of the unique institution that was the SS, and, above all, of the interaction of the three. In particular, this book examines the hundred most influential and high-ranking neutral volunteers, all of whom either worked for or closely with the Germanische Leitstelle, the office most central to the Germanic project within the SS. Hence, a narrative following the development of this office parallels the biographies of these men"--Introduction.
How 15 major industrial corporations were able to pay dividends without interruption for more than a century each, and the lessons this holds for corporations today, as they struggle to survive in the turmoil of uncertainty and economic globalization. Grossman and Jennings examine 15 industrial companies, each with a century of uninterrupted dividends, and find in their values and management styles unique characteristics that other companies today would be well advised to understand and seek to emulate. Each of the 15 knew they were in business for one purpose: To make money-- and each knew what it had to do to make it. They also knew what they would not do. Dynamic, questioning, always in search of ways to march in step with a changing society, they constantly asked themselves one critical question: What business are we in? The answers they found, the principles of management they discovered and practiced, the values they recognized and adopted--all helped them prosper. Not only did they survive but they also paid dividends to their shareholders in all kinds of economic weather. Now, in an era of gurus and buzzwords, fad theories, and du jour approaches to business success, the stories of these companies reaffirm the simple, timeless precepts. They remind managers of any growing company that there are indeed notions, principles, and management techniques that have proved themselves over time, and which still have the strength to guide organizations today toward a profitable, enduring corporate life. The authors assert that no one before them has examined companies with long-term success, as defined by their ability to pay dividends without interruption. In fact, in the history of U.S. industry there have only been 15. Through World War I, II and the Depression, they managed to have the earnings and the will to provide their shareholders with an annual return on their investments. For the same reason we study historical figures to learn who they are, what they did, and what their accomplishments mean for us today, so too do we study these uncommon 15. They offer straightforward insights into how businesses grow and survive. The companies and their stories exhibit common links: Strong corporate values, the importance they placed upon employees, the strengths gained from the longevity of their corporate leaders, and the role played by diversification--all helped make their ongoing successes possible. Anecdotal but solidly research-based, engrossing and readable, with diagrams and other illustrations to help today's managers evaluate their own organizations and plans for growth, the book will be a major contribution to our understanding of the past, and a view of what might be the best in the future of today's organizations.
Building the 'New Europe' is at the core of the new international economic and political initiatives leading the world through the nineties and toward the twenty-first century. This challenge rests on dual processes: on the one hand, the European Community-wide single market and monetary integration; and, on the other, the East European transition to the market place and integration with Western economies. The volume is divided into two parts. The first section includes essays on the general and specific topics linked to the transitions to a market economy and to a pluralist political system. The second section comprises essays on individual countries, such as Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia and the Republics of the former Soviet Union.
The text begins by reviewing the origins and aims of cybernetics with particular reference to Warren McCullocha (TM)s declared lifetime quest of a oeunderstanding mana (TM)s understandinga . It is shown that continuous systems can undergo complex self-organization, but a need for classification of situations becomes apparent and can be seen as the evolutionary beginning of concept-based processing. Possibilities for complex self-organization are emphasized by discussion of a general principle that has been termed significance feedback, of which backpropagation of errors in neural nets is a special case.
It is also noted that continuous measures come to be associated with processing that is essentially concept-based, as acknowledged in Marvin Minskya (TM)s reference to heuristic connection between problems, and the associated basic learning heuristic of Minsky and Selfridge. This reappearance of continuity, along with observations on the multi-layer structure of intelligent systems, supports a potentially valuable view of intelligence as having a fractal nature. This is such that structures at a complex level, interpreted in terms of these emergent measures, reflect others at a simpler level. Implications for neuroscience and Artificial Intelligence are also examined.
The book presents unconventional and challenging viewpoints that will be of interest to researchers in AI, psychology, cybernetics and systems science, and should help promote further research.
There is so much to discover and learn during a career, and watching an event that requires strong teamwork like the World Cup is a good place to do so. This book is not about the World Cup, soccer or the sport. It does not discuss the sport's strategies and tactics, but examines the reasons some teams are successful and others fail by observing teamwork in the most popular sports tournament in the world. It is for anyone who wants to learn about teamwork in business, sports, organizations or any place that requires a group of people working together. Prior knowledge of the World Cup, soccer, sports, the games or players is not required. This book will be very beneficial for you whether you are a team leader trying to find ways to fire up the team or improve your leading skills, a business owner who is trying to figure out the best candidates to put together a team, or a member of a team trying to improve your skills and excel. Even if you are not a sports fan, you will find the lessons in this book invaluable.
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